Shams al-Dīn Muhammad b. ‘Abdul-Khāliq al-Suyuti lists the terms used by the Arabs to describe complexions and the light complexions the term [أدم] can be used to describe, relating to the context in which it appears.

→ Jawāhir al-'Uqood 2/574 [2nd Edition] | Alexandria, Egypt.

Ibn Mandhūr [d. 1311 CE] said, “Red (حمراء) [is a term used to describe] the white complexion of the Non-Arabs. The Arabs would describe white non-Arabs, like the Romans/Persians, as having a *red complexion [حمراء]. The term [أبيض] is NOT used for complexion.”

Ibn Mandhūr [d. 1311 CE] said, "Red (حمراء) [is a term used to describe] the Non-Arabs - for their white complexion. The Arabs would describe white non-Arabs, like the Romans/Persians, as having *red complexion [حمراء]. The term [أبيض] wasn't used for complexion." → Lisān al-Arab | Pg. 990 | Translated by: Abu Dawūd [Mustafa b. Saalih] al-Hushayshi … Continue reading Ibn Mandhūr [d. 1311 CE] said, “Red (حمراء) [is a term used to describe] the white complexion of the Non-Arabs. The Arabs would describe white non-Arabs, like the Romans/Persians, as having a *red complexion [حمراء]. The term [أبيض] is NOT used for complexion.”

Muḥammad ibn Dawūd as-Ṣinhaaji [Ibn Ajarrum – author of “al-Ājrūmīyyah”] | By: Imam Jalāl al-Dīn al-Suyūṭī

Jalāl al-Dīn al-Suyūṭī [d. 1505 CE] writing about the Berber grammarian Muḥammad ibn Dawūd as-Ṣinhaaji (author of 'al-Ajrumiyyah') – "Those who explained his primer on grammar, such as al-Makudi, al-Raʿi and others, have described its author as being an imam in Arabic grammar, blessed and righteous, and what attests to this is the acceptance his primer … Continue reading Muḥammad ibn Dawūd as-Ṣinhaaji [Ibn Ajarrum – author of “al-Ājrūmīyyah”] | By: Imam Jalāl al-Dīn al-Suyūṭī

Ibn Ḥazm al-Andalusi [d. 1064 CE] – The Importance of Learning and Teaching Arabic

Ibn Ḥazm al-Andalusi – "Anyone who seeks knowledge of [Arabic] grammar and the language [in general] with the intention of implementing the Shariʿah, and to understand the Words of Allah ﷻ, and the words of His Prophet ﷺ, and [intends to] help others understand then for this person is a great reward and a lofty … Continue reading Ibn Ḥazm al-Andalusi [d. 1064 CE] – The Importance of Learning and Teaching Arabic